The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is a government department and a statutory body after the provisions of the Aadhaar Act 2016. The government of India established UIDAI on 12 July 2016 under the jurisdiction of the Ministry Of Electronics and Information Technology.
UIDAI assigns a 12-digit unique identification (UID) number (called "Aadhaar") to all the residents of India including minors and newborns. This UID number provided to the residents is linked with the basic demographic and biometric details of the residents. This includes fingerprint scans of all the fingers, two iris scans, a photograph etc. that are all stored in the centralized database.
Aadhaar is the World’s Largest biometric identification system with a total number of Aadhaar generated being 1,23,06,09,185 with 72.14% Aadhaar users being 18 and above. (uidai.gov.in)
Despite the validity of Aadhaar being challenged in the court, the government encourages the residents of India to link their Aadhaar number with a host of services including various welfare schemes by the government.
Here are 11 benefits of having an Aadhar Number:
Benefit 1: E-filing of your Income Tax
With the help of your Aadhaar number, you can verify your filed returns through some easy steps online. It helps you cut down on the documents to be kept handy for the filing of tax returns. This mode has turned out to be more cost effective and efficient.
Following are the steps for E-filing your tax returns:
Benefit 2: Aadhaar Virtual ID
UIDAI has recently decided launch Aadhaar Virtual ID (VID) that aims to safeguard the privacy of the personal data including the demographic and biometric information mentioned on the Aadhaar card.
The Aadhaar VID is a 16 digit temporary random number mapped with the Aadhaar number that offers limited KYC access providing only the information that is required for verification rather than offering all the details of an individual’s Aadhaar card.
Benefit 3: E-Aadhaar Card
The electronic version of an Aadhar card can be downloaded online on submitting the individual’s Aadhaar or the enrolment ID.
This is as valid as the physical card.
Benefit 4: Get your passport quickly!
At the time of applying for your passport online, you can attach your Aadhar card for verification purposes, as it will act as a proof of identity and address.
Benefit 5: Get timely Pension
Pensioners just need to register their Aadhar numbers to get timely pension payouts. This helps senior citizens avoid the completely cumbersome and time-consuming process of documentation.
Benefit 6: Get your Digital Life Certificates.
You can get your Digital Life Certificate by using your Aadhar card registration number online. This will help you get a timely pension without the hassle of physically going to the bank and submitting the life certificate.
Benefit 7: LPG and other subsidiaries
Having an Aadhaar card can be quiet helpful as it can directly transfer your LPG subsidies to your bank account. You do not have to register for each government benefit separately.
Benefit 8: Provident Fund Disbursement
One of the great benefits of having an Aadhar card linked to the pension account is that the provident fund is disbursed directly to the pensioner’s account.
Benefit 9: Ration Card
The main objective behind linking Aadhar with Ration card is that not only does it help to avoid multiple issuances of duplicate and multiple identities but it also helps to streamline the benefits attached with a ration card.
Benefit 10: Quick Digital Locker!
With an Aadhar number, you can open your DigiLocker account. DigiLocker is a facility provided by the government, which allows you to avail cloud storage space of up to 1GB free of cost to store scanned copy of all your documents.
Benefit 11: Udyog Aadhaar
Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Government of India has provided Small and Medium Enterprises with a 12 digit UID number known as the Udyog Aadhar. This was done with the purpose of promoting micro, small and medium enterprises.